Types of Hernias
Inguinal (or groin) hernias are the most common. They occur more frequently in men than women. These hernias are classified as direct or indirect and are located where the skin crease at the top of the thigh joins the torso.

Femoral hernias occur below the inguinal crease near the mid thigh. These are more common in women and often contain tissue that is not able to be reduced (pushed back in).

Umbilical hernias are often present from birth as a protruding belly button. These hernias occur at a naturally weak area of the abdominal wall and often require repair later in life or after pregnancy in women.


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Incisional hernias occur following abdominal surgeries around 10% of the time. The damage to the abdominal wall weakens the muscle and allows for the formation of the hernia. These can often be complex and can occur multiple times. When these occur in the midline of the abdomen they are called ventral hernias.

Epigastric hernias occur between the rib cage and the umbilicus. These occur in areas of relative weakness and often contain fat.

Hiatal hernias occur within the abdomen at the area of the diaphragm. They occur when the opening of the diaphragm allows organs from within the abdomen to protrude up into the chest. These can cause a variety of symptoms including heartburn, difficulty swallowing and fatigue.
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